Bael Cultivation (Full Guide)

Bael Cultivation (Full Guide)

Introduction

in this article, I’m going to tell you about the Bael Cultivation

  • Family:   Rutaceae
  • Genus:   Aegle
  • Species:   Marmelos
  • Scientific Name:   Aegle marmelos
  • Local Name:   Beli 
  • English Name:  Bael Fruit
  •  Other Names: Bengal quince, Golden apple, Stone apple, Japanese bitter orange
  • Tree: 6-8 meters in height tree
  • Leaves: Alternate
  • Flowers: Greenish white colour fragrance      flower
  • Fruits: Round shape fruit
  • Seeds: Numerous seeds
  • Wood: Strongly aromatic

Origin And Distribution

  • Origin: Woody Tree Native In India
  • Distribution: Now Naturalized In,

Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand And Most Of the Southeastern Asian Countries

Importance

  • A therapeutic boon of human health
  • Rich in vitamins, protein and carbohydrate
  • Energy booster
  • Regulates blood sugar level
  • Reduce skin problems
  • A natural antidote to free radicals
  • Control cholesterol
  • To prevent piles

Bael Varieties

  • Bael Pant Sujata 
  • Bael Pant Shivam
  •  NB – 5
  •  NB – 7
  •  NB – 9
  • Pant Aparna
  • Pant Urvashi
  • CISH B – 1
  • CISH B – 2

Propagation

  • Usually, propagate by seeds
  • And also use micropropagation
  • Grafting 

Cultivation

Agronomic And Special Management Practices

Planting

Pits of 90cm*90cm*90cm

 Planting Distance

  •    Budded plant 8m*8m
  •    Seedlings 10m*10m

  Nutrient management

   Apply recommended fertilizer

  • P2O5
  • K2O
  • FYM

Water management

  • The plant needs to care for the water
  • Basin and drip irrigation can be used for bael cultivation

Training and pruning

  • Provide stakes for young plant
  • Removing the top of the main stem at a height of about 1m
  • Pruning in bael is normally not done 

Pest And Disease Management

Pests

Lemon Butter Fly

Control

Apply neem seed extract  

Bael Fruit Fly

Control

  • Use pheromone traps
  • Leaf eating  caterpillars, Termites

Diseases

  • Powdery mildew 
  • Fruit canker
  • Fruit rot

Physiological Disorders

  • Fruit drop and cracking.
  • Main problems before ripening

Control

  • Maintaining proper moisture minimize cracking

Chilling injury

Water soaked spot on leaves, fruits and other parts of tree

Control

  •  spray streptomycine sulphate

Harvesting, Ripening and Storing

  • Bael is cliometric fruit
  • Fruit takes around 8-10 months to mature and 10-12 months for ripening after fruit set
  • Change in skull colour from dark green to yellowish-green it is maturity index 
  • Mature fruit is harvested individually with 5cm fruit stalk
  • Yield 300-400 fruit/ tree/ year
  • Normally harvested bael fruits can be stored 2 weeks at 300c

Value Added Products

Bael Juice, Belimal Tea, Bael Pulp, Nectar, Bael Vine, Bael  Swaras, Bael Syrup, Dried and Sliced Bael, Candy, Bael Powder, Murabba etc

Check out my other article: Rambutan Cultivation (Full Guide)

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