Cabbage Cultivation (Complete Guide)

Cabbage Cultivation (Complete Guide)

Cabbage Cultivation


in this article, I’m going to tell you about Cabbage Cultivation.

  • Botanical name: Brassica oleracea
  • Family: Brassicaceae


Cabbage Cultivation

Soil and climatic requirements

  • Optimum climatic conditions are
  • Temperature: 15-20°C
  • Elevation – above 800m
  • Cooler climatic conditions preferred but can be cultivated in dry


  • Well drain organic matter rich soils are suitable
  • Acidic soils are not suitable for cabbage
  • It may cause for clubroot disease
  • To correct soil pH level lime or dolomite can be used
  • pH 6-6.5

Field Establishment and Cultural Practices

Nursery Management

  • Seed requirement: 200-250 g/ha
  • 250 seedlings from 1g
  • 3.4-4.5g 1000 seeds
  • Direct seeding is not practised due to the size of the seeds
  • Select suitable area – opened from sunshine, soil should not be an acidic
  • Nursery period 3-4 weeks
  • 3×1m size nursery beds use for cabbage height of the bed should be (12-15) cm
  • Seed should be planted in beds 10cm apart (spacing between two rows is 10cm) at the depth of 1cm and cover with a thin layer of soil
  • For germination of seeds, it will take 4-5 days
  • Water twice per day
  • Harding of seedling should be needed 10 days prior to transplanting

Land Preparation

  • Select suitable land soil should not be acidic
  • Plough the land to a depth of 30-40cm
  • Prepare levelled raised beds to a height of 15-20cm
  • Spacing (50×40)cm between rows and 400cm with rows
  • 40-30cm for medium size heads
  • Size of the hole (30×30×30)cm
  • If soil is acidic add lime (2t/ha) 14 days before planting or add poultry manure (10 ton/ha) one week before planting
  • Incorporate well-decomposed organic matter at the rate of 3-4 kg/m2
  • Add best fertilizer mixture 2-3 days before planting

Field establishment

  • Before uproot seedlings from the nursery bed thoroughly
  • One plant per hole
  • Planting in the afternoon to avoid desiccation to seedling
  • Seedling must be shaded with plant material
  • Other cultural practices


  • Irrigation twice per day until the plant is fully established and then apply one time per day
  • Adequate irrigation is needed when crop duration is about 1 ½ months and thereafter (to form an enlarging of heads)
  • Maintaining proper soil moisture lever during head forming and enlarging stages is necessary
  • Poor water management may effect for checking of head.

Weed Management

  • Early-stage of the crop wedding should be done with 2-3 days interval
  • Weeding is essential before applying a top dressing of chemical fertilizer

Fertilizer Application

Fertilizer Recommendation (Kg/ha)

BD 27575
TD2110 75

Earthen up and Mulching

During head formation period, Earthen up and mulching is important to obtain better heads

Problems of Cabbage Cultivation

Cracking of Cabbage Heads

  • Excess water taken up by plant causes head to burst
  • Over maturity
  • Control
  • Harvest heads as soon as mature
  • Sufficient irrigation
  • Plant recommended variety

Poor Heading

  • Overcrowding
  • Dry soil
  • High temperatures
  • Poor fertility
  • Control
  • Plant at recommended spacing
  • Supply water
  • Earthen up
  • Maintain soil moisture
  • Temperature  control

Pests and Diseases

Cabbage pests


  • Damage young plants are seen fed upon and cut at base
  • The leaves and developing cabbage heads appear with holes
  • The caterpillars hide during day time and come out to feed at night


  • Ploughing the soil flooding the soil, handpicking
  • Chemical control – trichlorfon 50% profenophos (selicorn) 50%, prothifos 50%

Diamond Black Moth

  • Damage and symptoms
  • Green colour caterpillars
  • Larvae feed parts of the lower epidermis
  • Leaves show feeding holes among the ribs and wilting appearance
  • Adults are small and ash in colour
  • Once they flood the wing, three diamond shape marks can be shaped


  • Use parasitoid of pupate
  • Chemical control by using
  • Profenophos 50%
  • Azadirachtin (Neem seed extract)

Cabbage Semilptoms

  • Damage and symptoms
  • Caterpillar start scraping and feeding the leaves initially and later defoliate entire leaving midribs and main veins


  • Remove affected plant parts
  • Hands picks and destroys caterpillars
  • Use a light trap to attract and kill adults
  • Chemical control by using profenophos 50% and chlorfluazuron 50%

 Cabbage Diseases

Black rot (Xanthomonas campestris)


  • Bleaching of veins along leaf margins
  • Extracting towards petioles and the main stem
  • Yellowing wilting and drying of leaves, defoliation
  • Causal organism – Bacteria


  • Destroy infected crop residues
  • Use crop rotations with non-susceptible crops
  • Cultivate resistant varieties
  • Apply mulch



  • Swelling or malformations on the main laterals roots
  • Malformed root growth
  • Failure to form heads
  • Stunted plants
  • Causal organism – Fungi


  • Apply 2-4 t/ha of lime to raise soil pH
  • Avoid continuous cultivation 0f Brasssicasi crops
  • Crop cultivation
  • Cultivate resistance varieties

Soft rot


  • Rotting of the internal tissues of the head with creating bad odder
  • During warm and rainy seasons this disease can be spread rapidly
  • Causal organism – Bacteria


  • Improve drainage conditions of the soil
  • Remove infected plant parts



  • When the seedling emerges and grows to a height of an inch or two then wilts and dies by showing fall off the stem near the soil surface


  • Seed treatment
  • Captan, Thiram, chlorothalonil apply


Cabbage Cultivation
  • Harvesting can begin 80-105 days after and it depends on variety as well conditions
  • Over maturity will leads cracking of the heads


  • Harvest head with two-three outer leaves
  • Cut by using a sharp knife
  • should be practised in the morning and avoid heavy sun rays
  • Potential yield 40 t/ha

Post-Harvest Handling

  • Cleaning, grading and sorting of harvested heads
  • Packing in well ventilated creates

check out my other article: How to Grow Pumpkins at Home

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