Grapes Cultivation (Full Guide)

Grapes Cultivation (Full Guide)

Grapes Cultivation
Grapes

About Grapes

in this article, I’m going to tell you about the Grapes Cultivation.

  • Scientific Name

          Vitis vinifera.

  • Family

           Vitaceae

Grapes

  • Most famous fruits.
  • Commercially grown all over the globe.
  • Plant is perennial woody climbing vines plant.
  • Have excellent health benefits. 

Grapes producing countries

  • 1) China
  • 2) Italy
  • 3) France
  • 4) Chile
  • 5) USA
  • 6) South Africa

Recommended Varieties

  • Cardinal.
  • Israel blue.
  • Black Muscat.
  • Thomson slid.
  • Muscat MI.

Agro Climatic condition

  • Grapes can be cultivated in tropical as well as sub-tropical condition.
  • Basically this crop requires dried and sunny atmosphere.
  • Temperature along with humidity.
  • Moderate Rainfall.

Cultivation

Soil Type

  • Loamy soil ranging from sandy soil to clayed soil with good organic matter content and drainage is considered as the best suitable for grapes cultivation.
  • 6.3-7.3 pH ranging good.

Planting of Grapes

  • SPACING

        3 × 1.5m, 2.5 × 1.5m, 2.75 × 1.5m sufficient enough for growing about more than 2500 plants per hectare land.

  • PIT OF SIZE

         90cm × 90cm × 90cm and fill it with well-rotted farmyard manure along with soil.

How to grow grapes?

  • Use hardwood cutting for growing grapes. It is by far the easiest and most economical way
  • Can grow from seeds, layering, budding and grafting methods.

Hardwood cutting

  • Most common method.
  • Cuttings 12-18 inches length with 3 or more buds are taken from dormant plants in the fall or winter
  • Cutting stored cold and moist environment
  • Cuttings using dormant wood should have an 80% or greater success rate.
  • Green woodcutting or cuttings from actively growing vines, can also be used for propagation.

Fertilizer

  • In large scale farming of grapes,

900kg of N, 600kg of Phosphorus, 1000 of Potassium should be supplemented to the grapes field.

Irrigation

  • Grapes need water at regular interval during all the growth stages.
  • Drip irrigation system has many advantages than the traditional method.

Special cultural practices

TRAINING

    Growers train vines by controlling which way they grow leading to health their plants that produce better grapes.

There are 3 steps

             1)Grow a vine next to a vertical post on a trellis for a year.

             2)Pinch off the stem when it reaches the top of the trellis.

            3)Grow the horizontal branches and tie them to the trellis.       

PRUNING

        Pruning is the main cultural practice of grapes. There are different methods for pruning.

  1.  Hand pruned.
  2. Shoot thinning.
  3. Handpicked.

Hand pruned

Why do we prune vines?

A lot of people think it juts to control the crop load. But reality we prune it to actually get a framework in order to get the fruit well-spaced and consistent.

Grapes Cultivation

Shoot thinning

  •     Shoot thinning involves removing any excess shoots from the vines. It is done once the vine begins to grow in spring.
  •      These extra shots are typically weaker and produce fruits that ripen slowly. 

Pests and Diseases

Pests

1.Grape Berry Moth.

 Berry moth is key Pest of grapes  cultivation

2.Grape rootworm.

3.Grape phylloxera.

4.Grape root borer.

5.Grape flea beetle.

Pests

Disease

  • Powdery Mildew
  • Downey Mildew.
  • Bunch rot
  • Black rot
Diseases

Health Benefits

  • Prevent heart disease.
  • Reduce cholesterol.
  • Prevent some cancer.
  • Improve brain function.
  • Maintain skin healthy.

Production of grapes

  • Raisins. (dried grapes)
  • Grapevine
  • Vinegar
  • Grape juice.
  • Sweet spreads and curry
Production of grapes

Grape Harvesting Full Video

check out my other article: Cultivation of Tomato (Full Guide)

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