How to Grow Guava at Home (Complete Guide)

How to Grow Guava at Home (Complete Guide)

How to Grow Guava at Home

Introduction        

in this article I’m going to show you how to Grow Guava at Home

SCIENTIFIC NAME -: Pasidium guajava

COMMON NAME -: Guava

FAMILY -: Myrtaceae

IMPORTANCE

  • Guava is one of the richest sources of dietary fibre.
  • Besides immunity guava do wonders to skin & also promotes fertility.
  • Guava also helps in regulating metabolism which leads to weight loss.
  • Rich in Ca & also have Mg, P & K.

CULTIVATION

How to Grow Guava at Home

CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT

  • It can cultivate in the wet zone, dry zone & intermediate zone well.
  •  1500m – 2000m sea level is suitable
  •  Flowers bloom in hot & humid weather

SOIL REQUIREMENTS

  •  Well-drained soil with compost is most suitable
  • Guava can cultivate thick clay soil or sand soil
  • Some areas have salinity soil, it is also good for this cultivation
  • Shallow groundwater level places & temporarily flooding places are suitable

OTHER PRACTICES

1. Land preparation

  •                 should apply soil conservation method to the land.
  •                 planting hole size is 60*60*60cm
  •                 fill the hole by using topsoil & compost

2. Planting materials

  •          Budding plants are most suitable
  •          Rootstock, seed in mature fruits can use as a planting materials

SEED PLANTING

  • Use mature fruits to get seeds
  • Then dry in the air & plant in a sand nursery
  • After 2-3 weeks seeds germinate well
  • When, the seedling is 4cm height replant in a pot
  • Potting mixture should be topsoil, sand & cow dung 1:1:2 ratio                               
  • Pot size is 15cm height
  • Secondly, replant the seedling in 25cm height pot
  • When the seedling have 5-7 months & diameter of the stem should be 1cm, can  use to budding 

3. Budding methods

  • Patch budding
  • Chip budding
  • layering
  • Top working
  • Grafting

 When the success the budding & grafting supply sunlight properly

4. Growing order

  •      Select a suitable place firstly, the place should have well drainage soil, well sunshine
  •      spacing should have 5-6 * 5-6m
  •      hole size should have 60*60*60cm
  •      at the beginning of the rainy season, farmers can cultivate guava

Training and Pruning

  • Cut down all the branches & root shoots that occur in the receptor below the bud joint
  • At a height  of 60-75 cm, remove the terminal & obtain 4-6 branches
  • Once the branches have grown to 25-30 cm remove the rear axle & obtain a good template with secondary branches
  • Thus, maintain the height of the tree at a height of 125-150 cm
  • Give support for the branches & remove the asteroid shoots & branches below 60-75 cm
  • After cutting the nuts remove 15 cm to stimulate the formation of new growth buds
  • After pruning apply fertilizer & irrigation properly
  • The duration of 2 pruning cycles is 8-9 months  

THIN THE FRUITS

  • Remove 1 or 2 nuts in cluster & remove any excess nuts

FRUIT COVERING

  • Cover with paper shoulders for 50-60 days after the fruit has formed

IRRIGATION

  • Water is required until the plant a little tough
  • There is no need for watering unless there is a severe drought

WEED MANAGEMENT

  • Should remove the weeds surrounding the bud
  • Apply a mulch in dry weather

FERTILIZER

WAY  APPLICATION TIME  WAY  AMOUNT OF NUTRIENTS  
GRAY LINE  2 weeks before planting  Dolamite  500g per pit  
ORGANIC FERTILIZER  2 weeks before planting  Poultry manure & compost  10kg per pit  

For fruit-bearing trees

 UREA  ROPMOP
The first year every 6 months  100200    90  
Second year every 6 months  125250  105  
The third year every 6 months  150  300  125  
And then every 6 months  200200175  

HARVESTING

How to Grow Guava at Home
  • Harvesting can do after 2 years
  • In budding plants can get yield in 11/2 years after planting
  • Harvesting indices is fruits should display dark green to light green or yellow colour
  • After growing budding plants can get 45-50kg fruits in 6-8 years

STORING

  • After grading & soaking cover the fruits by using papers, straw, cardboard

PESTS and DISEASES

How to Grow Guava at Home

PEST DAMAGES 

1.Fruit fly damage

  • For controlling can use bagging, pheromone trap.

2.Thrips damage

  • for this damage controlling can use apply feronil & imidachlorofed pesticide

3.Leaf eating beetle

  • For controlling use penthinon pesticide.

4.Leaf eating caterpillar

  • For controlling cut the leaves & remove it

5.Nematode attack

  • For controlling apply carbofuran 10 g

DISEASE DAMAGES 

1.Guava wilt disease

  • for controlling remove affected branches & burning them

2.Fruit rot disease

  • for controlling apply, recommended fertilizer application, pruning,
  • apply recommended fungicide like mancozeb, maneb & diaconal.

3.Anthracnose disease

  • for controlling pruning, chemical treatments like diaconal & mancozeb.

VALUE ADDED PRODUCTS 

  • Guava juice
  • Guava nectar
  • Jelly
  • Guava wine

OTHER USES 

  • Diabetes-friendly
  • Lower risk of cancer
  • Immunity booster
  • Heat healthy
  • Treats constipation
  • Improves eyesight
  • Anti-ageing properties
  • Improve complexion
  • Improve texture
  • Weight loss
  • Good for brain

check out my other article: Mangosteen Cultivation (Full Guide)

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