How to Make Compost and Liquid Fertilizer at Home

How to Make Compost and Liquid Fertilizer at Home

How to Make Compost and Liquid Fertilizer at Home
How to Make Compost and Liquid Fertilizer at Home

                                                                                                                         

Introduction

in this article, I’m going to show you  How to Make Compost and Liquid Fertilizer at Home. Compost is organic matter that has been decomposed in a process called Composting. Composting is a biological decomposition of organic waste such as food or Plant material by Bacteria, Fungi, Worms and other organisms under controlled aerobic condition. Composting with Worms also known as Vermiculture results in nutrient-loaded worm castings.

There are different type of Compost making.

They are,

  1. Heap method
  2. Barrel Method
  3. Pit Method

Heap Compost Method

We are used to heap method for making the compost it is a very easy and simple method. this method can be used to prepare good characteristic compost. the composting process is a complete interaction between waste and the microorganisms within the waste.

Tools and equipment’s

  • Black Polythene
  • Cow dung
  • Gliricidia
  • Epil Epil
  • Banana stem and Banana Leaves
  • Top Soil

Method

  • First, we selected the Suitable land
  • Then cleaned the land and remove weeds
  • Next we supplied materials for made compost
  • We made area about 3m length and 1m width
  • We cut small species of all materials
  • After apply weed thrash layer to the bottom
  • Apply Cowdung layer
  • Gliricidia, Banana leaves and Stems, Epil Epil layers continuously applied (2-3 layers)
  • Apply Water
  • Cover the Heap by used with topsoil
  • Finally covered with polythene and finished to the made compost
How to Make Compost and Liquid Fertilizer at Home
                                            Heap Compost Structure
How to Make Compost and Liquid Fertilizer at Home

 

                                               Heap Compost Structure
 

Making Vermicompost

Red Earthworms

 

                                                                            Red Earthworms

Vermicomposting uses worms to do the work just need to bury food waste under moistened material. Vermicomposting is the usage of earthworms to convert vegetable waste to 100%  natural plant Fertilizer.

Materials

Brick, Cowdung, discarded vegetable parts, leaves, Grass, Red Earth Worms

Method

  • First we prepare tank (Height 2 feet, Width 3, length 6)
  • Lay the bricks layer at the bottom
  • After that add the soil layer
  • Again add the soil layer
  • then add earthworms to the media
  • after add grass layer and wastage vegetable part layers
  • finally add water to the tank
  • after 2 months decay the components and make compost
  • then tank is divided into 2 parts and collect in one side
  • keep 2 weeks to drying the compost mixture
  • after that watering the other side and collect earthworms.
How to Make Compost and Liquid Fertilizer at Home

 

                                                  Vermicompost Structure
 

Identification of Physical Characteristics

Colour

Shall be Brown Gray or Dark Black

Odour

Free from unpleasant odour

Texture

Texture shall be friable when moist

Moisture Content

The material shall not contain more than 10 per cent sand

Foreign Materials

Free from visible non-biodegradable material except  sand

Chemical Characteristics

  • Total N content per cent by dry mass min – 0.1
  • Total P content per cent by dry mass min – 0.5
  • Total Potassium content per cent by dry mass min – 0.5
  • Calcium content per cent by dry mass min – 0.7
  • C: N Ratio 10:25
  • Organic matter per cent by dry mass min

Preparation of Organic Liquid Fertilizer/Wormy Wash

 

Tools and Equipment’s

  • Barrel
  • Red Earth Worms
  • Water
  • Soil
  • Clay Pot
  • Fabrics

Method

  • Take the barrel and put it into a suitable place
  • Then put the soil to the barrel
  • Next put red earthworms on the soil mixture
  • Fill a clay pot or bottle with water
  • Then put some clothes to the bottle and make them to prepare water drips
  • Then bottle is put up to the barrel

Wormy Wash is a collection of excretory products and mucus secretion of earthworms only with micronutrients from the soil organic molecules. Wormy wash is collected properly is a clean and transparent pale yellow coloured  fluid

How to Make Compost and Liquid Fertilizer at Home

 

                                                Wormy Wash Structure

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Compost

Advantages

  • Sustainable and Environmentally friendly
  • Reduce fertilizers and pesticides
  • Plant damage threat avoided
  • Helping retain moisture and suppress plant diseases and pests
  • Enriches Soil
  • Lower Cost

Disadvantages

  • Not all products are created equally
  • Nutrient levels are low
  • Farmers are don’t like this method

check out my other article: PEARS CULTIVATION (Full Guide)

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