Important Things you should know before start Home Garden (Full Guide)

Important Things you should know before start Home Garden (Full Guide)

Important Things you should know before start Home Garden

Home Gardening

in this article, I’m going to tell you about Important Things you should know before start Home Garden. Home Garden is a small scale sustainable production system supplying plant and animal consumption and utilitarian items (physical, social, and Economic function). Home garden can be also described as a mixed cropping system that cultivation vegetables, fruits, plantation, crops, spice herbs, ornamental and medicinal plants as well as livestock. That can serve as a supplementary source of food and income. Generally, home gardening  refers to the cultivation of a small land witch maybe around the household or within walking distance from the family home (less than ¼ Acre or 1000m²)

Characteristics  of  a Home Garden

  • Home garden Is located near the residence
  • Contains a high diversity of plants
  • Production is supplemental rather than a main source of Family consumption and income
  • Occupy a small area
  • A production system that the poor can easily enter at some level

Components of a Home garden

Important Things you should know before start Home Garden

Major components

House, Water source, fence/Boundary, Crops (Vegetables, Fruits, Leafy Vegetables, Medicinal Plants, Roots, Crops etc..),

Other  components

 Animal Unit, Compost Unit, Nursery, Bee box Unit, Biogas Unit

CharacteristicGeneral Practice
Spices densityHigh
Spices typeVegetable, fruits
Production objectiveHome consumption
Labour sourceFamily
Lobour RequirementsPart time
Harvest frequancyDaily seasonal
Space UtilizationHorizontal and vertical
LocationNear dwelling
Cropping patternIrregular and row
TechnologySimple land tools
Input – costRural, Semi urban, Urban
DistributionRural, Semi urban, Urban
SkillsGardening and floricultural skill
AssistanceNon or minor

Home gardens are ecologically divided into 3 categories

  1. Wet zone
  2. Dry zone
  3. Intermediate zone

Benefits of Home gardening

Important Things you should know before start Home Garden

Improved food security

Enough nutritious non – staple foods for all the family year-round. Including extra food stocks for processing and stable to obtain income. A reserve for special occasions crop is lost in a flood, eaten by pests or reduced because the farmer falls sick and cannot work sometimes

  • Increased availability of food and better nutrition through food diversity

Sales of home garden products can contribute considerably to a family’s income. To buy daily essentials and farming inputs that cannot be produced on family farmland as well as other goods and services

  • Income and enhanced rural employment through additional or off-season production
  • Decreased risk through diversification
  • Avoid total crop loss through plant diversity
  • Fresh clean products available free of poison
  • Leisure time can be used as useful
  • Mental development and Health
  • Environmental benefits from recycling water and waste nutrients, controlling shade dust and erosion
  • Can be exchanged agricultural techniques
  • Cool, comfortable environment has resulted
  • Remedies available in case of emergencies
  • Garden of successful experiences helps to meet the large scale production
  • Indigenous/local crops can be conserved

Farm Development

  • For trying out new farming ideas
  • Crops for processing and storing seeds for the next planting season

Home gardens are found in both rural and urban areas. witch extent less than ¼ Acre or 1000m².differentiated 3 types of Home gardens (based on urbanization intensity)

  1. Urban home garden
  2. Semi-urban home garden
  3. Rural home garden

Urban Home Garden

Consists of a small and limited area concrete slab or a Balcony

Semi-urban Home Garden

Occupy 20 – 30 perches land area

Rural Home Garden

Consists of a large rural area. extent  0.25 – 0.5 ac or more

The home gardening compound has 3 main areas and different things for the family that lives there

  1. Social area
  2. Utility area
  3. Production area

Factors to be considered during the establishment of Home Garden

  • Land
  • Water
  • Sunlight
  • Air

A well – planned Home Garden

Well planned home garden can provide nutritious food, income, medicines, seeds and seedlings. At the same time, it will be a beautiful place to live in.

Resources  for Home Gardening

  • Available lands and various environmental conditions
  • Different plants spices
  • Household equipment
  • Rocks and stone (for soil Conservation)

Main points to be considered when planning a Home Gardening

Identify the major objectives

  • Satisfactions and fulfil family members need
  • Provide daily nutritional needs for the Family
  • Provide more income
  • Increase food production
  • Diversity food production
  • Available various agricultural technology
  • Should be selected appropriate crops  ex:- drought-resistant crops for dry zone
  • Provide a place for composting or biogas production
  • Should have utilize horizontally an vertically space
  • Improve soil fertility and soil conservation
  • Have fence for protection
  • Should be made supporting structures for vines crops
  • Cultivate crops to get yield during the dry season
  • Fill the home garden by mixing plants of different heights for multilayer cropping
  • Use all available areas, even swamp
  • Should be able to use simple and minimum techniques

Swampy Land

Where there is a gully or small creek, a pond can be dug out and allowed to fill with water. Cover the blanks of the or channel with useful crops. Can be grown on a trellis over the pond to shade the water and keep it cool. Depending on the water depth, set some plants in the bottom of the pond

To Improve your Home Garden   you need to know four things

  1. What your home garden produces now
  2. What you would like your Home Garden to produce in future
  3. How you can improve your Home Garden
  4. What inputs are needed

Planning to the Home Garden

  • Topography (building structure, available land area)
  • Soil condition (Texture, Structure)
  • Family members taste
  • Methods of cropping systems
  • Border crops
  • Good drainage, sunlight, loam soil better to cultivate the crops
  • Suitable animal selection
  • Crops selection

Methods of Home Gardening, techniques and structures

There are several new techniques for this purpose

  • Green wall
  • Green roof
  • Hydroponics
  • Sajan

A Green Wall is also known as a living wall or vertical garden it provides insulation to keep the building’s inside temperature consistent

Green Roof or living roof is a roof of a building that is partially or completely covered with vegetation and a growing medium

Hydroponics is a method of growing plants without soil by using mineral nutrient solutions in a water solvent. Allow the plant roots to come in direct contact with nutrient solution

Types of Hydroponics Systems  

1.Deepwater culture

The roots are suspended in a nutrient solution. An aquarium air pump oxygenates the solution.

2.Nutrient Film Techniques

Continuous flow of nutrient solution runs over the plant

Advantages of Hydroponics

  • Increase rate of plant growth
  • Possible to careful control of nutrient solutions and pit levels
  • Use less amount of water than soil-based plants produce quality vegetables than other methods

Disadvantages of Hydroponics

  • Should supply fresh water
  • Need skill labours
  • Frequently change the water system
  • Need  technical knowledge
  • The rate of spread of disease is high

 Sajan method  of cultivation in a watery land can grow tomato, beans, cucumbers and Gourds normally, root crops are not practised

Different  Home Garden Structures

  • Planting tower
  • Growing Umbrella
  • Planting pyramid
  • Growing Antenna
  • bottles
  • racks

Necessity of using of Home garden structures are,

  • Maximize the space utilization, witch lots of plants can be grown within a small area
  • Maximize solar power utilization
  • Add neatness and beautifulness
  • Can reuse unwanted removed material from own home for the structure making

check out my other article:All you need to Know About Longan Fruit

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *