Mangosteen Cultivation (Full Guide)

Mangosteen Cultivation (Full Guide)

Mangosteen Cultivation

Introduction

in this article, I’m going to tell you about Mangosteen Cultivation

  • Mangosteen is a native plant to Southeast Asia
  • also called the ‘queen of fruits’
  • national fruit of Thailand
  • one of the most widely recognized tropical fruits with a slightly sweet and sour flavour.
  • native plants to Southeast Asia
  • called the ‘queen of fruits’
  • Mangosteen is the national fruit of Thailand
  • most widely recognized tropical fruits with a slightly sweet and sour flavour.

Healthy benefits of Mangosteen

  • Improve digestion
  • Improves mental awareness
  • Improve oral hygiene
  • Prevent kidney stone
  • Improve eye health
  • Prevents hypertension
  • Boots energy
  • Lowers cholesterol
  • Fights allergies
  • Prevents diabetes
  • Helps to lose weights
  • Improve skin health
  • Rich in powerful antioxidants
  • May have anticancer effects

Recommended varieties

  • There are no varieties of mangosteen
  • Because the seeds of the fruit grow to pollinate the flowers without fertilization.
  • But it is possible to find botanically differentiated plants

Cultivation

Mangosteen Cultivation

Climatic requirements

  • Rainfall – 1500-2000mm throughout the year    
  • Temperature – 27c- 32c
  •  Humidity – 75-80 %

Soil requirements

  • In deep soil about 1.8m below ground level & well-drained with organic matter
  • Cultivation in largely done on water-rich lands
  • Rich organic soil, especially sandy loam or laterite

Propagation of Mangosteen

  • Seedling plants
  • Budding plants

       There are 2 methods for budding

  • Wedge grafting
  • Double grafting

   ( This method of using two rootstocks is highly successful)

Agronomic practices

  • Make holes
  • Field establishment
  • Shading
  • Watering
  • Weeding
  • Fertilizer application

Make holes

  • Recommended Spacing 10m*12m
  • Size of the hole should be 1m*1m*1.5cm
  • If the land is steep, proper soil conservation methods to prevent erosion will be made and the pits are recommended space
  • Before 2 weeks for planting fill them with compost and topsoil

Field establishment

  • Seeding are planted will the onset of rainfall
  • Particular care should be taken to ensure that the tops of the plants are not stunted
  • At the time of planting, the tops of the bottom of the polythene can bend, it is best to cut the roots from the bending position
  • When transplanting, support planting to keep the plant straight

Shading

  • Provide shade for about 2 years after planting
  • When proving shade take care not to disturb the apical growth of the plant ( coconut fronds, bamboo leaves can be used for this purpose)

Watering

  • water the plants during the first 5 years of planting when there is a long dry season.

Weeding

  • Weeds control the trees twice a year, around 1m from the tree.
  • When tree is large there is no need for weeding

Fertilizer application

ActivityureaTSPMOP
1-2days before planting115 g230g105g
Six months after planting60g115g55g
1 year after planting  60g115g55g
One year for a fruit bearing tree700g1360g6355g

Whenever possible, surround the well-rotted manure, compost or organic manure tree.

Training & pruning

  • Water suckers and died stem remove. Specially
  • In particular, the distance between the branches can be controlled by the space in the gardens.
  • By cutting off the aperture, the height of the tree can be controlled.

Pests and Diseases

Pests

  • Leaf eating               
  • Mealybugs              
  • Mites damage
  • Caterpillar
  • Scale insects
  • leaf miner

Diseases

  • Gummosis
  • Sooty mould
  • Anthracnose
  • Stem canker

Physiological disorder

  • Gamboge
  • Fruit splitting

Higher animal damage

  • Squirrel
  • Monkey                    
  • Owl

Harvesting

  • Bearing
  • seedling tree – 10-15 years
  • Budded plants – 4-5 years
  • The colour of the fruits is harvested when it gradually turns dark brown to red colour
  • Must be plucked with nuts

Ripening

  • Keep the house thin until the harvested fruit is sent to the market.
  • It also helps to brighten the colour of the bark.

Storing

  • Harvested fruit can be stored for about 2 weeks at room temperature when the bark turns reddish-brown.
  • This can increase storage time at temperature as low as 4-8 centigrade, but I cause problems such as hardening of the bark and browning of the flesh.

check out my other article: Important Things you should know before start Home Garden (Full Guide)

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