Some Basic points that are important in Bitter Gourd Cultivation

Some Basic points that are important in Bitter Gourd Cultivation

Some Basic points that are important in Bitter Gourd Cultivation

Introduction

in this article, I’m going to tell you about Some Basic points that are important in Bitter Gourd Cultivation

  • Botanical name – Momordica charantia
  • Family – Cucurbitaceae

Cultivation

Well drained soils with high organic matter content

pH 5.5 – 5.5

Climate

Grows well in elevation up to 1200m from the mean sea level

Seed rate – 6kg/ha

Spacing – 1.5×1m

Filed Planting

Thinning out excess plant keeping 2 healthy plants/hole seek seed. overnight prior to establish. Potted plant can be used

Trellising

  • Pandol or Fence method can be used
  • Height of trellis should be 2m
  • 3 weeks after planting vines
  • Should be train into a trellis
  • V shape or inverted V shape panel can be used
  • Lateral branches should be removed below the trellis

Fertilizer Application

 UreaTSPMOPKg/ha
BD7520060 
TD175 60 
TD275 60 

Pests and Diseases

Pests

Aulacophora Beetle

  • Gall midge – damage larvae
  • Enlarge appear on the vine growth will be reduced

Control

  • Split the damage place and remove larvae. Apply recommended insecticide

Cucurbit Fly

Control

  • Pool covering with transparent polythene
  • Rake of soil well
  • Destroy affected pods

Diseases

  • Yellow mosaic virus
  • Downey Mildew
  • Powdery Mildew

Harvest and Post-Harvest Operations

  • Harvesting should be done after well maturing of the fruit
  • First harvest can be taken 60-75 days after planting
  • Harvesting interval 4 days

check out my other article:Cabbage Cultivation (Complete Guide)

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